Water polo originated in Britain. At the first-ever modern Olympic games of 1900, water polo was one of the original sports to be featured. A great amount of fitness and a high level of stamina is required to play water polo. It is a game that is both fun to watch and play. In order to beat the opposite team, players use different techniques like swimming, treading water, throwing, catching and shooting in the game. Each water polo match consists of four quarters.
What is the Objective of Game
The objective of water polo is to score a goal by putting the ball into the net of the opposite team. Just like many other games, the winning team has to score more goals than the opposite team. Many times it is observed that both teams score more than 20 goals each.
Rules & Regulations of Water Polo
- The playing area has to be 30m × 20m and a minimum of 2m deep.
- There are a total of 13 players in the teams. There are 6 field players and 1 goalie.
- Players can use only one hand to hold the ball.
- A goalie can use both their hands to hold the ball if they are within 5m of their own goal.
- Water polo has four quarters. There is a two-minute break in between each quarter and each quarter lasts for 8 minutes.
- Players are allowed to advance the ball upfield either by swimming behind the ball or bypassing it between the teammates.
- Players can tread water and swim for the entire match but can not touch the bottom of the pool.
- Teams can have possession of the ball for only up to 30 seconds while shooting a goal.
- A ball has to be pushed or thrown completely under the crossbar and between the goalposts for it to be a goal.
- Goals are measured in points and one goal is one point.
- There are ordinary as well as major fouls and if a player makes more than 3 major fouls, they have to be excluded from the game.
- If the game ends and the scores are tied, both teams get to play the penalty shootout.
Water Polo Scoring System
When the ball passes the goalposts completely and below the crossbar, a goal is said to be scored in water polo. There is a 30-second limit for a team to have possession of the ball but it rebounds after it is shot, the 30-second counting starts again. The team that scores more goals than the other team wins the game. If the score is tied, the winning team is declared with the help of a penalty shootout. In the penalty shootout, each player from both teams gets a shot alternately. They have to take the shot from the 5m line. The team that scores more goals in the penalty shootout wins. If the score of the penalty shootout is tied, the shootout continues and the team that misses loses.