Originated from water aerobatics, artistic swimming is also known as synchronized swimming. Katherine Curtis, who developed the sport, had the idea of combining music with water acrobatics. When her students performed at a fair, the former Olympic gold medalist Norman Ross named it synchronized swimming. After Esther Williams performed water ballet in several American movies, the sport gained popularity. Later when a student of Katherine Curtis drew up a set of rules for the sport, it gained the competitive aspect that we see in the events like Olympics. Other than rhythmic gymnastics, this is the only exclusively female Olympic sport.
What is the Objective of Game Synchronized Swimming
To ensure all the participants of the synchronized swimming team make the exact same movements and blend flawlessly with music without touching their legs to the floor is the objective of synchronized swimming.
Regulation and Rules of Synchronised Swimming
- Swimmers have to clear the qualifying competitions.
- The players need to perform the predefined technical routine strictly sticking to certain rules.
- As the free routine is not predefined, the players can perform their own routines in which they need to show creative choreography, dancing and coordination.
- The free duet routine needs to be performed in 3.30 minutes and the time limit for technical duet routine is 2.20 minutes.
- The time limit for a free team event is 4.00 minutes and the time limit for a technical team routine is 2.50 minutes.
- Participants have a relaxation period of utmost 15 seconds in each event.
Synchronized swimming Scoring System
During a synchronized swimming competition or event, there are many judges and officials that score the performance of the swimmers. There are two panels of judges and both panels have 5 judges each. One panel judges the technical aspects of the synchronized swimming and the other panel judges the artistic aspects of synchronized swimming. The scale of points that are given by the judges starts from 0.0 and ends at 10.0. Judges are mainly judging the performance based on how difficult it is, how flawlessly the participants are performing, and how they execute the routine with synchronization. There is a head referee, clerical staff for recording points, and backup judges in addition to two panels of judges.
The total points earned by the swimmers contribute to their Olympic medals. Best score wins a gold medal, the second-best wins silver and the third-best wins bronze. If there are ties in the scoring or points, both the participants who are tied win that medal.