Over the past two decades, sports climbing has become highly popular all over the world. An event called SportRoccia took place in 1985 near Turin, Italy which is believed to be the first organization-led competition. In this event, climbers climbed the wall within a certain time limit. In sports climbing, two events will be held at the Tokyo Olympics, one for men and one for women. In the proposed format of the game, there are three disciplines such as lead climbing, speed climbing and bouldering. The participants that perform best on all three disciplines are declared winners.
Objective of Game
The essence of the game lies in climbing the wall with or without a safety rope with the help of available routes displaying great physical and mental dexterity. Depending on the type of climbing, the conditions and criteria for climbing the wall change for the participants.
In bouldering, the climbers have to climb the walls with the help of overhangs and holds built in the wall. Sometimes the holds can be extremely challenging as they do not have enough space for even the fingertips of the players.
In another type of sports climbing, the players climb the 15m wall as high as they can in 6 minutes. The player that climbs the highest wins. The participants use safety ropes and these ropes are attached to quickdraws that allow the ropes to hang freely while leading. The climb is said to have been completed when the climber attaches their rope to the top quickdraw. In case a climber falls, the distance covered by them is recorded and there are no re-climbs. In case two players reach the same height, the player that reached that height in lesser tike wins.
Rules & Regulations of Sport climbing
- The walls in sport climbing must be at least 12m high.
- Climbers use a single rope that is clipped to a sequence of protection points.
- In order to secure the positioning, climbers have to wear a harness.
- The routes that can be used by climbers have a designated time period of 6 minutes.
- In case of a technical incident or appeal, climbers can attempt to pass any route upon the permit of the authorities.
- At the end of the climb, climbers can un-clip and re-clip their protection points.
- In case of any occurrence of a Z-clip, climbers need to un-clip and then re-clip.
- The climb can be declared finished when either one of the following cases happens.
- A climber has fallen on the ground
- Has clipped their final protection point
- Have been terminated by the IFSC judge and referees.
- Climbers can not use hangers when they encounter folds.
- In the bouldering category, climbers do not use a climbing rope to climb the artificially constructed wall.
- In the category of speed competitions, the climbers with minimum time intervals are qualified. This qualification process is done under the governance of IFSC with the help of an approved automatic timing system.
- Climbers can have only one attempt to complete any route during their qualification round.
- Climbers can not climb the route barefoot, they are required to wear shoes during the climb.
- Climbers have to follow their assigned routes and can not climb on the walls from the side of the walls or the backside of the walls.
Sport Climbing Scoring System
When scoring the sport climbers, all three types of climbing categories such as speed, bouldering and lead climbing are considered. When calculating the scores, the results of the three types of climbing events are multiplied. For example, if a player was first in speed, second in bouldering and third in lead climbing, then their score would be 1×2×3 which is 6. The player that has the lowest overall score ks declared as the winner and is awarded a gold medal.