Originated in Okinawa, Karate can be traced back to the 1300s. It was brought to mainland Japan in the early 20th century and later became one of the most popular martial arts. There are different styles of Karate like Shotokan, Goju-Ryu, Kyokushinkai and Wado-Ryu and many more. The people practicing Karate are called Karateka. The World Karate Federation oversees the sporting side of the martial arts as it is the world’s largest organization and is recognized by the International Olympics Committee.
The objective of Game Karate
Karate is a sport in which the participants have to defeat their opponents with punches, kicks and throws. These punches, kicks and throws contribute to their scores. The player with the highest score at the end of the Karate Kumite is declared a winner. Karate comprises combative physical activities as well as a high level of tactical skills. Karate competitions need the participants to have skill sets, experience, speed and dexterity in order to give a great performance.
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Rules & Regulations of Karate – Know the Game Better In Simple Language
- Karate Kumite is played on a square of mat that is 8m × 8m. There is a safety area of 1m on all sides.
- Competitors are supposed to exchange bows once the judges and referees take their place.
- The referee shouts “SHOBU HAJIME!” to begin the fight.
- Participants must attempt the scoring techniques like punches, kicks and throws while fighting their opponents.
- When the referee shouts YAME after a scoring technique has been used, the participants, judges and referees resume their original positions.
- The judges then judge the scoring technique and see if a score can be given to the player. Before awarding the point or score, the referee first identifies the area that the player attacked and the technique that they have used.
- After this, the referee restarts the match by announcing “TSUZUKETE HAJIME!”.
- A player can be declared the winner if they have a clear lead of 8 points during a match. In that case, the referee calls a halt in the fight and the winner is declared. If there is no clear lead of eight points then whoever has the most points is declared a winner.
- If a contestant is knocked out and can not carry on for the rest of the fight, or a participant is disqualified, then the fight ends.
- In case of a tie, the judges and referees decide the winner at the end of the fight.
Karate Scoring System
The scoring system in Karate is comparatively less complex. There are different areas of the opponent’s body to which the scoring system is limited such as the head, face, neck, chest abdomen, side and back.
The opponent needs to complete the following criteria while using a scoring technique:
- Good form
- Vigorous application
- Good timing
- Accurate distance
- Sporting attitude
The scoring techniques are categorized in three different types, ippon, waza-ari and yuko. These different categories have different points.
- Ippon has three points and a player is awarded three points if they perform a Jordan kick and any scoring technique that is performed in the fallen or thrown opponent.
- Waza-ari has two points and a player is awarded two points when they perform mid-level kicks called chudan.
- Yuko has one point and a participant is awarded that when they perform a mid or upper-level punch called chudan Tsuki or Jordan Tsuki.
The match can be won in many different ways. Some of them are given below:
- When a player has more points than the opponent at the end of the fight.
- When a player establishes a lead of eight points and the match is immediately ended.
- If the opponent is unable to carry on.
- When the opponent is disqualified.
- When the opponent is knocked out and can not play anymore.