In 1900, Equestrian made its Olympic debut. It has evolved over the years since then and now has events like dressage, eventing, and jumping. The men and women teams and individual participants compete on equal terms in the competitions. In such events, the animal, which is a horse, is also given as much importance as the riders. The Fédération Équestre Internationale (FEI), is the international governing body for Equestrian sports. In 1924, the Equestrian competitions were held under the authority of FEL for the first time.
What is the Objective of Game Equestrian
The riders in Equestrian competitions need to complete the required events according to the set of rules given by FEL. They need to be in complete harmony with the horse. They can not be abusive towards the horse, instead, in order to encourage the horse to respond, they need to communicate through their hands, legs and they also need to shift their body weight as needed. As the horse gets equal importance as the riders, the horses are also tested as much as the riders.
Rules & Regulations of Equestrian
- The minimum age for riders is 16 years for dressage and 18 years for show jumping.
- The horses must be at least 9 years old.
- Each national federation can enter a team of 4 riders for jumping out of which one is a reserve. There can be 5 riders for the event out of which none are a reserve and 3 riders can be on the dressage team.
- The course needs to be inspected by the judges.
- To alert the competitors when to enter the arena or to halt or continue after some disturbance or to indicate if they are eliminated, a bell can be used.
- Obstacles and mandatory turns are marked with white or red flags.
Equestrian Scoring System
With the rules stated above, there are penalties that are given if any disobedience by the riders. In the cross-country phase, there is an optimum time that is established. No riders are given a point or score if they finish earlier than the optimum time. If the riders are exceeding the optimum time then they are given penalties. The number of penalties that can be given for different degrees of disobedience is as follows:
- 20 penalties for first disobedience like running out or refusal of keep circling to re-aim at the obstacle.
- 40 penalties for second disobedience.
- 65 penalties for the fall of the competitor at an obstacle.
- Elimination of third disobedience, fall of horse or second fall of the competitor is observed.
The winning team is decided based on which team has the lowest penalty points. If there is a tie, then the team with the highest individual placings in all three rounds is declared as the winner. In the case of the individual eventing winner, it is the rider that has the lowest total penalty points wins.